What Does an OBGYN Do – Simple Explanation

Obstetrics and Gynecology or gynecology and Obstetrics is the specialized medical field, which includes both the diagnoses of gynecological conditions and treatments for such conditions. It is also commonly called an OB-GYN or O&G in US English and Canadian English. There are more than seventy ob-gyn specialists who perform more than one hundred thousand annual surgeries.

The term obgyn is derived from the Greek words “obos” meaning god and “gynos” meaning female reproductive system. Hence, obgyn is a Greek word for mother. These days the majority of ob-gyn surgeons are obstetricians and physicians who perform women’s reproductive health care, such as delivering babies and performing abortions.

Subspecialties of obgyn

Basically, there are three subspecialties within the field of obgyn: gynecologists, cervical specialists, and women’s reproductive health professionals. Obstetricians are trained to provide basic reproductive health services such as birth control, pregnancy tests and abortions. Gynecologists are trained to provide treatment for diseases and conditions related to the female reproductive system. Cervical specialists are trained to diagnose, treat, and prevent conditions related to the cervix, uterus, vagina, ovaries and fallopian tubes.


Most obgyn facilities offer postpartum care through childbirth classes. The majority of obgyn facilities also offer classes designed for expectant mothers and new moms who wish to get pregnant after delivery. Postpartum classes are usually held at the facility where the woman gives birth. The classes help women prepare for the arrival of their newborn by teaching them how to breastfeed safely. And how to deal with pregnancy symptoms. The classes also teach women how to handle stress during their pregnancy. And how to become physically and emotionally fit to cope with a new baby. Classes can also help women improve their mental and physical health to prepare for their newborn’s arrival.

Women attending an ob-gyn clinic or a hospital should ask about their specific medical care requirements prior to going into labor. Women should ask if they will need pain medication or if an epidural will be provided during childbirth. Ob-gyn clinics generally do not provide therapeutic procedures such as in vitro fertilization, tubal reversal or therapeutic abortions. However, if a woman has undergone therapeutic surgery to reverse or repair damage to her reproductive systems such as hysterectomy or a miscarriage, she may have no other choice but to undergo one of these medical procedures.

obgyn with patient


Menopause is a very common occurrence in women approaching the age of forty. Women approaching menopause often experience symptoms such as depression, anxiety, irritability, and other physical and psychological problems. This can lead to a lack of proper nutritional intake or nutritional deficiencies that can result in improper functioning of the reproductive system. A gynecologist can provide specific treatment for these symptoms that are caused by menopause. Gynecologists may also refer their patients to a nutritionist who can help them achieve and maintain appropriate nutritional intake.

Perform certain types of assisted reproductive procedures

Obstetricians and gynecologists are also trained to perform certain types of assisted reproductive procedures. Some of these include In Vitro fertilization, laparoscopy, artificial insemination, and direct cervical castration. These reproductive technologies enable patients to become pregnant without the aid of traditional medicine. In addition, many patients find relief from the discomfort of traditional childbirth and the emotional stress that is associated with giving birth. Many ob-gyns offer patients comprehensive after-care programs including routine annual exams, personalized exercise routines, hormone therapy, counseling, and referrals to other qualified health professionals.